Archived from the original on 4 November Department of Organization Strategy and Leadership. Many Muslim families send their children to attend part-time courses or even to pursue full-time religious education alongside other subjects, which is imparted in Bengali and Arabic in schools , colleges and madrasas.
Beautiful Bangladesh – Land Of Stories
Dhaka is now one of the most densely industrialized regions in the country. Dhaka is a major financial center in the region, being home to many local and international companies.
Its stock exchange has over listed companies. The city's culture is known for its cycle-rickshaws, cuisine , art festivals and religious diversity.
The old city is home to around buildings from the Mughal and British periods, including notable structures such as the Bara Katra and Choto Katra caravansaries.
The city's modernist national assembly is one of the largest parliaments in the world. The origins of the name for Dhaka are uncertain. Once dhak trees were very common in the area and the name may have originated from it.
Alternatively, this name may refer to the hidden goddess Dhakeshwari , whose temple is located in the south-western part of the city. Some references also say it was derived from a Prakrit dialect called Dhaka Bhasa; or Dhakka, used in the Rajtarangini for a watch-station; or it is the same as Davaka, mentioned in the Allahabad pillar inscription of Samudragupta as an eastern frontier kingdom.
The word Dhakka means watchtower. Bikrampur and Sonargaon —the earlier strongholds of Bengal rulers were situated nearby. So Dhaka was most likely used as the watchtower for the fortification purpose. The history of urban settlement in the area of modern-day Dhaka dates to the first millennium. The Mughal Empire governed the region during the early modern period. Dhaka was proclaimed the capital of Mughal Bengal in Islam Khan Chishti was the first administrator of the city.
The name was dropped soon after the English conquered. The main expansion of the city took place under Mughal governor Shaista Khan. The city then measured 19 by 13 kilometres Dhaka was the commercial capital of the empire. The Bara Katra was the largest caravansary. The riverbanks were dotted with tea houses and numerous stately mansions. Bengal was an affluent region with a Bengali Muslim majority and Bengali Hindu minority, and was globally dominant in industries such as textile manufacturing and shipbuilding.
With the defeat of the Nawab of Bengal at the Battle of Buxar in , the British East India Company gained the right to collect taxes from the principality of Bengal. The city formally passed to the control of the British East India Company in and Dhaka got plugged into the imperial mercantile networks of the British Empire.
Dhaka suffered stagnation and decline began during the mid 19th-century. Its muslin industry was destroyed by high colonial taxation, restriction of trade and forced imports of British manufactured textiles. The city's weavers starved to death during Bengal famines. Dhaka became heavily impoverished. In , an Anglican bishop described Dhaka as a city of magnificent ruins.
It bestowed privileges on the Dhaka Nawab Family, which dominated the city's political and social elite. A modern civic water system was introduced in Ideal School and College was founded on 15 March Following the inauguration, till it was a junior school.
In the school was converted into a high school. The students from the school participated in Secondary School Certificate SSC examination O-level equivalent for the first time in and earned an extraordinary success for the very first time. Horse racing was a favorite pastime for elite residents in the city's Ramna Race Course beside the Dhaka Club. The Viceroy of India would often dine and entertain with Bengali aristocrats in the city. Automobiles began appearing after the turn of the century.
By the earlyth century, Dhaka projected itself as the standard bearer of Muslim minorities in British India ; as opposed to the heavily Hindu-dominated city of Calcutta. Bengal was reunited in The Dhaka Medical College was established in It hosted the largest legislature in Pakistan, as East Bengalis compromised the majority of the new state's population. Dhaka's urban population increased dramatically because of Muslim migration from across Bengal and other parts of the subcontinent.
The airline later evolved into Pakistan International Airlines. The Dhaka Improvement Trust was established in to coordinate the city's development. The first master plan for the city was drawn up in As early as , there were demands for Dhaka to host the parliament of the federation of Pakistan.
Shaista Suhrawardy Ikramullah stated that the country's Constituent Assembly should meet in East Bengal due to the region's large population. The city was declared as the country's legislative capital. Tabler , opened in in Ramna. The East Pakistan Helicopter Service connected Dhaka with other regional cities as part of the largest commercial helicopter network in the world.
Growing political, cultural and economic rifts emerged between the two wings of the country. The Bengali Language Movement reached its peak in The Six point movement in was widely supported by the city's residents. The city had an influential press founded and owned by Yar Mohammad Khan , with prominent newspapers like the Ittefaq and the Weekly Holiday. During the political and constitutional crisis in , the military junta led by Yahya Khan refused to transfer power to the newly elected National Assembly, causing mass riots, civil disobedience and a movement for self-determination.
The army faced mutinies from the East Pakistan Rifles and the Bengali police. Dhaka was struck with numerous air raids by the Indian Air Force in December. Dhaka was declared the national capital by the Constituent Assembly of Bangladesh in The post-independence period witnessed rapid growth as Dhaka attracted migrant workers from across rural Bangladesh.
The stock exchange and free market were restored in the late s. In the s and s, Dhaka experienced improved economic growth and the emergence of affluent business districts and satellite towns. But frequent hartals by political parties have greatly hampered the city's economy. In some years, the city experienced a widespread flash flood during the monsoon.
Dhaka is one of the fastest growing megacities in the world. Most of its population are rural migrants, including climate refugees. Congestion is one of the most prominent features of modern Dhaka. The city lies on the lower reaches of the Ganges Delta and covers a total area of Tropical vegetation and moist soils characterize the land, which is flat and close to sea level.
This leaves Dhaka susceptible to flooding during the monsoon seasons owing to heavy rainfall and cyclones. Under the Köppen climate classification , Dhaka has a tropical savanna climate. Coupled with pollution, such erosion of natural habitats threatens to destroy much of the regional biodiversity. Hatirjheel-Begunbari, which was once a slum area, has turned into a new place of recreation for city dwellers. However, the parks and the recreation places are often crowded and lacks security and cleanliness aspects, which is yet one of the big issues.
As the capital of the People's Republic of Bangladesh , Dhaka is the home to numerous state and diplomatic institutions. The Bangabhaban is the official residence and workplace of the President of Bangladesh , who is the ceremonial head of state under the constitution.
The Gonobhaban , the official residence of the Prime Minister , is situated on the north side of Parliament. The Prime Minister's Office is located in Tejgaon. Most ministries of the Government of Bangladesh are housed in the Bangladesh Secretariat. Dhaka hosts 54 resident embassies and high commissions and numerous international organizations. Most diplomatic missions are located in Gulshan and Baridhara area of the city.
Dhaka municipality was founded on 1 August and upgraded to " Metropolitan " status in Under a new act in , election was held in for the first elected Mayor of Dhaka.
Area within city corporations divided into several wards, which each have an elected commissioner. In total the city has wards and mohallas. Unlike other mega cities around the world, Dhaka is serviced by over two dozen government organizations under different ministries. Lack of co-ordination among them and centralization of all powers by the Government of Bangladesh, keeps the development and maintenance of the city in a chaotic situation.
The city is home to the country's monetary authority, the Bangladesh Bank , and the largest stock market, the Dhaka Stock Exchange. The city has a growing middle class, driving the market for modern consumer and luxury goods.
The city has historically attracted numerous migrant workers. Dhaka has rising congestion and inadequate infrastructure; the national government has recently implemented a policy for rapid urbanization of surrounding areas and beyond by the introduction of a ten-year relief on income tax for new construction of facilities and buildings outside Dhaka.
Administrative and security services are also concentrated in the city. The technologically advanced Bangladeshi pharmaceutical industry is based in Dhaka. Textile manufacturing is the principal export generator, with billions of dollars in revenue made by factories within and around the city.
Leather goods, vegetable oils, electronics and consumer goods are other manufacturing sectors found in Dhaka. There are many industrial parks within suburbs of the city. The Bangladesh International Arbitration Center handles commercial disputes. The Port of Dhaka is one of the busiest river ports in the world. The Port of Pangaon has been developed to cater to ocean-going vessels from the Bay of Bengal. More recently, the city's population has also grown with the expansion of city boundaries, a process that added more than a million people to the city in the s.
The literacy rate in Dhaka is also increasing quickly. It was estimated at The literacy rate had gone up to The city population is composed of people from virtually every region of Bangladesh.
Dhaka is also home to large number of Bihari refugees, who are descendants of migrant Muslims from eastern India during and settled down in East Pakistan. The correct population of Biharis living in the city is ambiguous, but it is estimated that there are at least , Urdu-speakers in all of Bangladesh, mostly residing in refugee camps in Dhaka, although official figures estimates only 40, Bengali , the national language, is spoken by the predominant majority population of Dhaka.
English is the principal second language and widely spoken by educated peoples. There is a minority Urdu -speaking Bihari population, who are descendants of migrant Muslims from eastern India. There is also a small Shia sect, and an Ahmadiya community.
Hinduism is the second-largest religion and comprises 8. Smaller segments practice Christianity and Buddhism. As the most populous city of Bangladesh, Dhaka has a vibrant cultural life.
Dhaka's people congregate at the Shaheed Minar and the Jatiyo Smriti Soudho to remember the national heroes of the liberation war. These occasions are observed with public ceremonies and rallies in public grounds. Many schools and colleges organise fairs, festivals and concerts in which citizens from all levels of society participate.
This celebration is also known as Basanta Utsab Bengali: Nabanna is a celebration for harvest, usually celebrated with food and dance and music on the 1st day of the month of Agrahayan of Bengali year.
Ekushey Book Fair , which is arranged each year by Bangla Academy and takes place for the whole month of February. This event is dedicated to the martyrs who died on 21 February in a demonstration calling for the establishment of Bengali as one of the state languages of former East Pakistan.
The most popular dressing style for women are sarees or salwar kameez , while men usually prefer western clothing to the traditional lungi with Panjabi. Jamdani saree of Dhaka is part of its cultural heritage, originate from the Mughal era.
Despite the growing popularity of music groups and rock bands, traditional folk music remains widely popular. For much of recent history, Dhaka was characterized by roadside markets and small shops that sold a wide variety of goods. Dhaka is reputed for its unique traditional festivities and food delicacies from way back. It hosts a wide-ranging menu of distinctive dishes many of which were introduced during the regime of Sultani and Mughal Period.
Due to different ruling periods, the cuisine of Dhaka is versatile and with a rich culinary tradition. Like other parts of the country, everyday meals generally include plain steamed rice as staple food with fish, meat, vegetable curries and lentil soup is common accompaniment. Plain rice is often replaced by roti or parata.
Curry is the most popular style of preparing dishes. Old Dhaka is famous for its Morog Chicken Pulao " it is different from traditional biryani by using both turmeric and malai or cream of milk together.
Dhakai Bakarkhani is the traditional food or snack of the people of old Dhaka. It is famous for its quality and taste and it was highly praised by the royal court of the Mughal Empire in Delhi. Local and international fast food shops and chains serve burgers, fries and other readily available foods.
Street foods like Burhani , Lassi and Phuchka are highly popular among locals and tourists. Dhaka is home to over buildings built between the 16th and 19th centuries, which form an integral part of Dhaka's cultural heritage.
There are many museums in the city. Jamuna Future Park shopping mall. Bangabandhu International Conference Center. Dhaka is also the press, media and entertainment center of Bangladesh. Bangladesh Betar is the state-run primary provider of radio services, and broadcasts a variety of programming in Bengali and English. Radio transmission started in Dhaka on 16 December In recent years many private radio networks , especially FM radio services, have been established in the city such as Radio Foorti FM Bangladesh Television is the state-run broadcasting network that provides a wide variety of programmes in Bengali and English.
It started broadcasting on 25 December It also operates a sister channel BTV World since Sangsad Bangladesh is another government-owned TV channel that broadcasts parliamentary activity of Bangladesh since 25 January The main offices of most publishing houses in Bangladesh are based in Dhaka. Dhaka has the largest number of schools, colleges and universities of any Bangladeshi city. The education system is divided into 5 levels: Primary from grades 1 to 6 , Junior from grades 6 to 8 , Secondary from grades 9 to 10 , Higher Secondary from grades 11 to 12 and tertiary.
Many Muslim families send their children to attend part-time courses or even to pursue full-time religious education alongside other subjects, which is imparted in Bengali and Arabic in schools , colleges and madrasas.
There are 52 universities in Dhaka. Dhaka College is the oldest institution for higher education in the city and among the earliest established in British India , founded in Since independence, Dhaka has seen the establishment of numerous public and private colleges and universities that offer undergraduate and graduate degrees as well as a variety of doctoral programmes.
It was established in being the first university in the region. The university has 23 research centers and 70 departments, faculties and institutes. Alongside public institutes of higher education there are some forty-five private universities in Dhaka. List of universities in Bangladesh , most of which are located in Mohakhali, Gulshan, Banani, Baridhara, Bashundhara, Uttara and Dhanmondi areas of the city.
This is in addition to holding several examinations for professional bodies in the United Kingdom, including the UK medical Royal Colleges and Accountancy. Cricket and football are the two most popular sports in Dhaka and across the nation. The Mohammedan Sporting Club and Abahani are two of the most famous football and cricket teams, maintaining a fierce rivalry, especially in the Bangladesh Football Premier League.
It gained List A status in —14 season. Dhaka has the distinction of having hosted the first official Test cricket match of the Pakistan cricket team in against India. It hosted the opening ceremony  of the Cricket World Cup while the Sher-e-Bangla National Cricket Stadium , exclusively used for cricket, hosted 6 matches of the tournament including two quarter-final matches.
Dhaka is the first city to host the games three times. The Bangabandhu National Stadium was the main venue for all three editions. The National Sports Council , responsible for promoting sports activities across the nation, is based in Dhaka. There are two golf courses in Dhaka. Dhaka is connected to the other parts of the country through highway and railway links. Five of the eight major national highways of Bangladesh start from the city. Highway links to the Indian cities of Kolkata , Agartala , Guwahati and Shillong have been established by the Bangladesh Road Transport Corporation BRTC and private bus companies which also run regular international bus services to those cities from Dhaka.
A longer second elevated expressway from Airport-Ashulia is currently undergoing feasibility study. Dhaka suffers some of the worst traffic congestion in the world. The city lacks an organized public transport system. Cycle rickshaws and auto rickshaws are the main mode of transport within metro area, with close to , rickshaws running each day: The government has overseen the replacement of two-stroke engine auto rickshaws with "Green auto-rickshaws" locally called CNG auto-rickshaw or Baby-taxi , which run on compressed natural gas.
Ride-sharing services like Uber and Pathao , Scooters , taxis and privately owned cars are rapidly becoming popular with the city's growing middle class. Limited numbers of Taxis are available. It is planned to raise the total number of taxis to 18, gradually. VGHS , located 15 kilometres 9. The airport has a capacity of handling 15 million passengers annually,  and is predicted by the Civil Aviation Authority, Bangladesh to be enough until Department of Applied Mathematics 7.
Department of Statistics 8. Department of Theoretical and Computational Chemistry. Department of Economics 2. Institute of Health Economics 3. Department of Political Science 4. Department of International Relations 5. Department of Sociology 6. Department of Public Administration 7. Department of Mass Communication and Journalism 8. Department of Printing and Publication Studies 9.
Department of Television, Film and Photography Department of Anthropology Department of Development Studies. Department of Meteorology . List of colleges under University of Dhaka. Out of over 30, universities around the world, DU was placed at In the best Asian and Australian universities ranking, AsiaWeek ranked the University of Dhaka 37th in  and 64th overall and multi-disciplinary category out of 77 ranked universities in In , the university got a comparatively higher rank in student selectivity 23rd while got lower ranking in academic reputation 74th , faculty resources 59th , research 65th and financial resources 74 categories.
The university of Dhaka organizes sports and other extracurricular and recreational activities. Office of the director of physical education provides three types of programs:. University of Dhaka ground is the official stadium of the University of Dhaka. It hosts many inter-collegiate sports tournaments at inter-city and national levels.
Directorate organizes and conducts interdepartmental and inter-hall tournaments, individual hall athletics, Dhaka university athletics, and inter- university games and sports.
Students participate in national championships in games and sports for which prior training and coaching are offered. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Redirected from Dhaka University.
It has been suggested that Faculty of Business Studies, University of Dhaka be merged into this article. Discuss Proposed since June History of the University of Dhaka.
Earliest Bachelor of Arts certificate from the University, Alumni and Faculty Members of University of Dhaka. Retrieved 4 January Chowdhury,one of the greatest entrepreneurs the world has ever known". Archived from the original on 3 December Retrieved 26 November Retrieved 19 February Archived from the original on 28 January Retrieved 8 October Archived from the original on 28 February In Sirajul Islam and Ahmed A.
National Encyclopedia of Bangladesh Second ed. Asiatic Society of Bangladesh. Retrieved 14 May Archived from the original on 31 July Retrieved 10 February The Muslim Heritage of Bengal. Archived from the original PDF on 14 November Retrieved 16 July Retrieved 19 November Banglapedia - The National Encyclopedia of Bangladesh. Archived from the original on 7 March The Independent Bangladesh newspaper. Archived from the original on 9 October World Encyclopedia of Library and Information Services.
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