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We have visited the Kupferpfanne copper kettle restaurant various times now and got to the conclusion that this is one of the best restaurants in the region. The food is German and seasonal we were there at asparagus season , but they go this extra mile All of your saved places can be found here in My Trips.

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I think that's when you're at your best point. When you're really doing something, you're doing it all out, but you don't know what it is. The lack of plot as well as the expected audience participation can be likened to Augusto Boal's Theater of the Oppressed , which also claims that "spectator is a bad word". Boal expected audience members to participate in the theater of the oppressed by becoming the actors. His goal was to allow the downtrodden to act out the forces oppressing them in order to mobilize the people into political action.

Both Kaprow and Boal are reinventing theater to try to make plays more interactive and to abolish the traditional narrative form to make theater something more free-form and organic.

Allan Kaprow 's and other artists of the s and s that performed these Happenings helped put "new media technology developments into context". The work involved the sale of documentation of ownership of empty space the Immaterial Zone , taking the form of a cheque, in exchange for gold ; if the buyer wished, the piece could then be completed in an elaborate ritual in which the buyer would burn the cheque, and Klein would throw half of the gold into the Seine.

For his performance there — called Happening Funeral Ceremony of the Anti-Process — Lebel invited the audience to attend a ceremony in formal dress. Then pall-bearers carried the coffin out into a gondola and the 'body' — which was a mechanical sculpture by Jean Tinguely — was ceremonially slid into the canal.

Poet and painter Adrian Henri claimed to have organized the first happenings in England in Liverpool in , [28] taking place during the Merseyside Arts Festival. One of the participants, Jeff Nuttall , went on to organize a number of further happenings, often working with his friend Bob Cobbing , sound poet and performance poet. She walked onto the stage draped in fabric, presented the audience with a pair of scissors, and instructed the audience to cut the fabric away gradually until the performer decides they should stop.

In Belgium , the first happenings were organized around — in Antwerp , Brussels and Ostend by artists Hugo Heyrman and Panamarenko. In the Netherlands , the first documented happening took place in , with the Dutch artist and performer Wim T. Schippers emptying a bottle of soda water in the North Sea near Petten. Later on, he organized random walks in the Amsterdam City Centre. Provo organized happenings around the little statue "Het Lieverdje" on the Spui, a square in the centre of Amsterdam , from till Police often raided these events.

In Canada, Gary Botting created or "constructed" happenings between in St. John's, Newfoundland and in Edmonton, Alberta , including The Aeolian Stringer in which a "captive" audience was entangled in string emanating from a vacuum cleaner as it made its rounds similar to Kaprow's "A Spring Happening", where he used a power lawnmower and huge electric fan to similar effect ; Zen Rock Festival in which the central icon was a huge rock with which the audience interacted in unpredictable ways; Black on Black held in the Edmonton Art Gallery; and "Pipe Dream," set in a men's washroom with an all-female "cast".

Behind the Iron Curtain , in Poland , artist and theater director Tadeusz Kantor staged the first happenings starting in In the second half of s painter and performer Krzysztof Jung ran the Repassage gallery, which promoted performance art in Poland. The first was erected in Hong Kong on 4 June , ahead of the handover from British to Chinese rule on 1 July , as a protest against China's crackdown of the Tiananmen Square protests of It stood for two days in front of the Parliament to protest the oppression of the region's indigenous people.

The non-profit, artist-run organization, iKatun, [34] artist group, The Institute of Infinitely Small Things, has reflected the use of "Happenings" influence while incorporating the medium of internet. Their aim is one that "fosters public engagement in the politics of information". The iKatun team will then act out the slogan in a research-performance related way.

This means of performance art draws on the collaboration of the web world and tangible reality to conduct a new, modern Happening. Kaprow explains that happenings are not a new style, but a moral act, a human stand of great urgency, whose professional status as art is less critical than their certainty as an ultimate existential commitment.

He argues that once artists have been recognized and paid, they also surrender to the confinement, rather the tastes of the patrons even if that may not be the intention on both ends. Art and music festivals play a large role in positive and successful happenings. Both parties embody the "audience" and instead of creating something to show the people, the people become involved in helping create something incredible and spontaneous to the moment.

These events draw crowds of close to 50, people each year and reach more people than just the attendees with their messages and ideals. Thereafter, all remaining SA-run camps were taken over by the SS. The smaller camps were dismantled. Dachau concentration camp remained, then personnel from Dachau went on to work at Sachsenhausen and Oranienburg , where Eicke established his central office. In , Dachau became the training center for the concentration camps service.

Senior roles were filled by personnel from the German police service. There were other new camps in Austria, such as Mauthausen-Gusen concentration camp , which opened in In , as the concentration camp system within Germany expanded, groups of camps were organized into Wachsturmbanne battalions under the office of the Inspector of Concentration Camps who answered directly to the SS headquarters office and Heinrich Himmler.

When the SS-Totenkopfverbände were formally established in March , the group was organized into six Wachtruppen situated at each of Germany's major concentration camps. In April , Eicke was named commander of the SS-Totenkopfverbände and the number of men under his command increased from 2, to 3,; the Concentration Camps Inspectorate CCI was also provided official funding through the Reich's budget office, and Eicke was allowed to recruit future troops from the Hitler Youth based on regional needs.

By , Eicke had also begun to establish military formations of concentration camp personnel which eventually became the Totenkopf Division and other units of the Waffen-SS. In the early days of the military camp service formation, the group's exact chain of command was contested since Eicke as Führer der Totenkopfverbände exercised personal control of the group but also, as it was considered an armed SS formation, authority over the armed units was claimed by the SS-Verfügungstruppe SS-VT , which had been first formed in as combat troops for the Nazi Party.

But at this time, Himmler and Eicke envisioned the armed SS-VT as a force for internal "police and security operations". Later by , it became clear that the SS-VT troops were to be used for front-line "purposes", as well. Eicke in his role as the commander of the SS-TV, continued to reorganize the camp system by dismantling smaller camps.

In Eicke oversaw the building of new camps in Austria following the Anschluss , such as Mauthausen. Eicke's reorganization and the introduction of forced labor made the camps one of the SS's most powerful tools, but it earned him the enmity of Gestapo and Sicherheitsdienst SD chief, Reinhard Heydrich , who wanted to take over control of the concentration camp system.

Himmler wanted to keep a separation of power, so Eicke remained in command of the SS-TV and camp operations.

This kept control of the camps out of the hands of the Gestapo or the SD. By April , the SS-TV had four regiments of three storm battalions with three infantry companies, one machine gun company and medical, communication and transportation units. Himmler's intention was simply to expand his private army by using the SS-TV as well as the police, which he also controlled as a manpower pool. Himmler sought and obtained a further decree, issued on 18 May , which authorized the expansion of the SS-TV to 50, men, and directed the army to provide it with military equipment, something the army had resisted.

At the beginning of war in Europe on 1 September the SS forces consisted of roughly , servicemen spread out across multiple branches, [3] with transferable ranks and service records from police regiments and the army. Members of other SS militias were also transferred into the division in early ; these units had been involved in multiple massacres of Polish civilians, political leaders and prisoners of war.

From fall to spring a massive recruitment effort in Germany raised no fewer than twelve new TK-Standarten four times the size of the SS-Verfügungstruppe in anticipation of the coming attack on France.

Both Eicke personally and his Totenkopf Division performed poorly during Fall Gelb therefore Himmler resolved to curb his decisions which had spurred a conflict with Hausser and Dietrich ; especially his designation of TK-Standarten as reserves for his Totenkopf Division alone, and the fact that the SS-Verfügungstruppe military supplies were stored at Eicke's concentration camps. On 15 August Himmler dissolved Eicke's Inspectorate of SS-Totenkopfstandarten using as justification several well-publicized atrocities committed by the Division in France, and transferred the Totenkopf Division, the independent TK-Standarten , and their reserve and replacement system to the newly formed Waffen-SS high command.

The camp system expanded greatly after the invasion of the Soviet Union in , when large numbers of Soviet soldiers were captured. Some were transferred to the camps, where their inhumane treatment became normal.

The Totenkopf Division still had close ties to the camp service and its members continued to wear the Death's-Head as their unit insignia. They were known for brutal tactics, a result of the original doctrine of "no pity" which Eicke had instilled in his camp personnel as far back as , together with the fact that the original Totenkopfstandarte had "trained" themselves. The Division's ineffectiveness in France, as well as its war crimes, can in part be explained by its personnel who were more thugs than soldiers.

Very few of the men who were part of the Standarten in Poland were still in the Division by The Waffen-SS was greatly expanded and allowed to recruit volunteers from conquered territories from the ethnic German and Germanic populations. By , prior to the " Final Solution ", the concentration camps run by SS-TV, both in Germany and across occupied territories, grew into a massive system of institutionalized forced labour for the SS.