Reinhard fell for the decoy and his fleet soon became trapped by Yang's encirclement. Frederica offered Yang coffee in a paper cup. Initially, Vice Admiral Paetta disliked Yang, viewing him as inexperienced and constantly ignored his advice. Kamstra, Encounter Or Syncretism:
Yin & Yang in Chinese Medicine
Zhongguo hua bao chu ban she in Beijing. Intellectual Transitions in T? Institute of History and Philology of the Academia Sinica. Wu Tse-T'len and the politics of legitimation in T'ang China. Historical Records of the Five Dynasties. Eberhard , p.
Annotated Shiji in Chinese. Retrieved from " https: Surnames Chinese-language surnames Korean-language surnames. CS1 Chinese-language sources zh Articles containing simplified Chinese-language text Articles containing traditional Chinese-language text Articles with short description All set index articles.
Reconstructions of Old Chinese have illuminated the etymology of modern Chinese words. Schuessler gives probable Sino-Tibetan etymologies for both Chinese words. Schuessler surmises that those items either are areal words cf. A reliable Chinese-English dictionary gives the following translation equivalents. Many Chinese place names or toponyms contain the word yang "sunny side" and a few contain yin "shady side". In China , as elsewhere in the Northern Hemisphere , sunlight comes predominantly from the south, and thus the south face of a mountain or the north bank of a river will receive more direct sunlight than the opposite side.
English yin , yang , and yin-yang are familiar loanwords of Chinese origin. The Oxford English Dictionary defines:. In Chinese philosophy, the feminine or negative principle characterized by dark, wetness, cold, passivity, disintegration, etc. In Chinese philosophy, the masculine or positive principle characterized by light, warmth, dryness, activity, etc.
For the earliest recorded "yin and yang" usages, the OED cites for yin and yang ,  for yin-yang ,  and for yang-yin. In English, yang-yin like ying-yang occasionally occurs as a mistake or typographical error for the Chinese loanword yin-yang — yet they are not equivalents. While yang and yin can occur together in context,  yangyin is not synonymous with yinyang.
Yinyang meaning "dark and light; female and male; moon and sun", however, is an exception. Scholars have proposed various explanations for why yinyang violates this pattern, including "linguistic convenience" it is easier to say yinyang than yangyin , the idea that "proto-Chinese society was matriarchal", or perhaps, since yinyang first became prominent during the late Warring States period, this term was "purposely directed at challenging persistent cultural assumptions".
He says that it would be proper to begin with Yin and Yang before Five Elements because the former: But it so happens that we know a good deal more about the historical origin of the Five-Element theory than about that of the Yin and the Yang, and it will therefore be more convenient to deal with it first.
Although Yin and Yang are not mentioned in any of the surviving documents of Zou Yan, his school was known as the Yin Yang Jia Yin and Yang School Needham concludes "There can be very little doubt that the philosophical use of the terms began about the beginning of the -4th century, and that the passages in older texts which mention this use are interpolations made later than that time. In spite of being used in a modern context to justify egalitarianism under the notion of both yin and yang being "necessary", in practise the concept of yin and yang has led to justification for China's patriarchal history.
The notion of yin and yang has led to the persecution and extinction of Asian sun goddess cults outside of Korea and Japan. In Daoist philosophy, dark and light, yin and yang, arrive in the Tao Te Ching at chapter For instance, dropping a stone in a calm pool of water will simultaneously raise waves and lower troughs between them, and this alternation of high and low points in the water will radiate outward until the movement dissipates and the pool is calm once more.
Yin and yang thus are always opposite and equal qualities. Further, whenever one quality reaches its peak, it will naturally begin to transform into the opposite quality: It is impossible to talk about yin or yang without some reference to the opposite, since yin and yang are bound together as parts of a mutual whole for example, there cannot be the bottom of the foot without the top.
A way to illustrate this idea is [ citation needed ] to postulate the notion of a race with only men or only women; this race would disappear in a single generation. Yet, men and women together create new generations that allow the race they mutually create and mutually come from to survive. The interaction of the two gives birth to things, like manhood. Thus, a seed will sprout from the earth and grow upwards towards the sky—an intrinsically yang movement. Then, when it reaches its full potential height, it will fall.
Also, the growth of the top seeks light, while roots grow in darkness. Certain catchphrases have been used to express yin and yang complementarity: Yin is the black side with the white dot in it, and yang is the white side with the black dot in it.
The relationship between yin and yang is often described in terms of sunlight playing over a mountain and a valley. Yin literally the 'shady place' or 'north slope' is the dark area occluded by the mountain's bulk, while yang literally the "sunny place' or "south slope" is the brightly lit portion. As the sun moves across the sky, yin and yang gradually trade places with each other, revealing what was obscured and obscuring what was revealed.
Yin is characterized as slow, soft, yielding, diffuse, cold, wet, and passive; and is associated with water, earth, the moon, femininity , and night time. Yang, by contrast, is fast, hard, solid, focused, hot, dry, and active; and is associated with fire, sky, the sun, masculinity and daytime.
Yin and yang also applies to the human body. In traditional Chinese medicine good health is directly related to the balance between yin and yang qualities within oneself. In the I Ching , originally a divination manual of the Western Zhou period c.
These are then combined into trigrams , which are more yang e. The relative positions and numbers of yin and yang lines within the trigrams determines the meaning of a trigram, and in hexagrams the upper trigram is considered yang with respect to the lower trigram, yin, which allows for complex depictions of interrelations. The principle of yin and yang is represented in Taoism by the Taijitu literally "Diagram of the Supreme Ultimate ".
The term is commonly used to mean the simple "divided circle" form, but may refer to any of several schematic diagrams representing these principles, such as the swastika , common to Hinduism, Buddhism, and Jainism.
Similar symbols have also appeared in other cultures, such as in Celtic art and Roman shield markings. Wu Jianquan , a famous Chinese martial arts teacher, described Taijiquan as follows:. Various people have offered different explanations for the name Taijiquan.
Taiji comes about through the balance of yin and yang. In terms of the art of attack and defense then, in the context of the changes of full and empty, one is constantly internally latent, to not outwardly expressive, as if the yin and yang of Taiji have not yet divided apart. Therefore, it is called Taijiquan. Hundred Schools of Thought. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Seemingly opposite or contrary forces that may actually be complementary. For information about and other uses of the symbol , see Taijitu and Taiji philosophy.
For other uses, see Yin yang disambiguation. For Chinese people surnamed Yang, see Yang Ying. Taoist temple Grotto-heavens Mount Penglai.